Canada has always been a hub for immigrants seeking better opportunities. For international job seekers, understanding the various immigration pathways that Canada offers is crucial. 


    These pathways open doors to a new life and contribute significantly to Canada’s economy and cultural diversity.

    Economic Immigration Streams for Skilled Refugees

    One notable pathway is the Economic Mobility Pathways Pilot (EMPP), which is designed for skilled refugees. 

    This initiative, highlighted by, has a transformative impact on addressing labor shortages in the healthcare, construction, and hospitality sectors. 

    It simplifies and speeds up the process for employers to hire and relocate talented individuals from displaced populations, thus addressing chronic talent shortages across various sectors​​.

    The Immigration Levels Plan (2024-2026)

    The Immigration Levels Plan, as outlined on, includes various economic pilots such as the CaregiversAgri-Food PilotRural and Northern Immigration Pilot, and the Atlantic Immigration Program

    These programs are integral to Canada’s strategy to welcome immigrants and simultaneously address the labor market needs​​.

    Provincial Nominee Program (PNP)

    Another significant pathway is the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP). As detailed on CAN Pathways, this program allows Canada’s provinces and territories to nominate individuals who wish to immigrate to Canada and are interested in residing in a particular province

    This program aims to welcome over 80,000 immigrants per year​​.

    Quebec Immigration System

    Distinct from other Canadian immigration programs, Quebec has its immigration system with separate criteria. 

    It includes the Quebec Skilled Worker Program (QSWP) and the Quebec Experience Program (PEQ), catering to skilled workers and international students who have completed their education in Quebec​​.


    Atlantic Immigration Pilot (AIP)

    The Atlantic Immigration Pilot is a fast-track program designed for the Atlantic provinces of Canada, focusing on attracting and retaining foreign talent in these regions​​.

    • For Employers: Essential information for Atlantic Canada employers looking to hire foreign nationals.
    • For Job Seekers: Guides international job seekers on how to apply for jobs in Atlantic Canada under this program.
    • More Information: Atlantic Immigration Pilot for Employers and Job Seekers

    Targeted Express Entry Draws

    Starting in the spring of 2023, Canada introduced targeted Express Entry draws. These draws are part of a strategy to select candidates based on specific economic needs, transitioning international student graduates to permanent residence, and focusing on Francophone and bilingual candidates​​.

    Challenges and Recommendations

    While these pathways provide numerous opportunities, challenges like bias in hiring and underutilization of immigrant talent persist. To address these, there’s a need for a coordinated response involving employers, regulators, and other stakeholders. 

    Analysing Canadian work permit data and creating career mobility pathways are crucial to improving immigrant outcomes​​.


    Understanding these various pathways is crucial for international job seekers looking to immigrate to Canada.

    Each of these program offers unique opportunities and caters to different skills and backgrounds, contributing to Canada’s rich cultural mosaic and economic strength.


    What are the key sectors facing labor shortages in Canada?

    Canada faces labor shortages in the healthcare, construction, tourism, and hospitality sectors.

    Can skilled refugees apply for immigration to Canada?

    Yes, through the Economic Mobility Pathways Pilot, skilled refugees can apply for immigration to Canada.

    What is the Provincial Nominee Program?

    It’s a program allowing Canadian provinces to nominate individuals who wish to immigrate to Canada and reside in a particular province.

    Does Quebec have a separate immigration program?


    Yes, Quebec operates its immigration system independently of other Canadian immigration programs.

    Useful Links